How to prevent parvo in dogs is a question asked by every owner of a dog. The virus is highly transmittable to humans and other animals, thereby posing a serious threat. Fortunately, there are ways to protect your dog from contracting the virus. Canine parvo (CPV or more commonly known as “puppy flu”) is a highly contagious viral infection in dogs. Luckily, it’s also highly preventable with proper early vaccination.
Parvo is one of several diseases that can affect dogs. It is a condition caused by a virus called “tysma virus”, which you may have heard about from your veterinarian. Tostavir, or Tivira, is the common vaccine used to prevent the illness. Although there are other vaccines available for dog owners to use, the TIVA is the one that is approved by the United States FDA (Food & Drug Administration).
If your dog has parvo in dogs, he will be weak and sluggish, with a loss of appetite. To prevent this, administer your dog with at least one glass of water per day, or provide him with kibble to eat. In addition, keep him hydrated with fresh water and a moist chew toy. Give your pet relief from the discomfort of parts by using an ice pack on the chest and abdomen to relieve pain and swelling.
Another way to treat the illness, is by providing your pet with immunity against the virus through vaccination. There are three types of parvo vaccines available in the market today. The first two, which are the MVA and RIVA, have proven their effectiveness in preventing the virus from infecting dogs. However, both the vaccines are only effective if your dog undergoes the proper immunization. Moreover, while the MVA vaccine is effective, it cannot protect un-vaccinated dogs because they are not yet licensed to receive it. Hence, in vaccinated dogs cannot be protected with this type of vaccination.
The RIVA vaccine can protect your pet from three diseases common to dogs and cats. RIVA prevents parvo virus infection in cats and dogs and is considered the best way of preventing the illness in these pets. Although there are some cases of immunity developing in un-vaccinated animals, vets consider RIVA the ideal method of preventing the disease. However, it can only be given to dogs and cats over the age of six months.
Dehydration is another factor that plays an important role in the occurrence of parvo. As much as dogs and cats like water, they also need to drink lots of water to stay hydrated and maintain good overall health. However, dogs and cats which are suffering from dehydration will suffer from serious complications such as weakness, fatigue, vomiting, and in some cases, even death. Symptoms of dehydration include lethargy, appetite loss, vomiting, lack of appetite and thirst, along with other signs such as litter box problems, urination, and diarrhea. If you notice any of these symptoms in your dog or cat, you should take them to the vet immediately for treatment. The vet may prescribe them fluids to drink or suggest you bring your pet to the vet as soon as possible.
Another way of preventing parts from affecting your pet is by making sure you administer the appropriate vaccinations regularly. These vaccinations should be administered regularly according to the schedule determined by the veterinary doctor. This is the best way to ensure your dog or cat is protected from this deadly viral illness. It is also advisable to provide a healthy diet, along with vitamins and minerals so that your pet receives the best possible care. If you find any symptoms of parvo in your dog or cat, make sure you bring them to the attention of a veterinary doctor as soon as possible.
Although parvo has not yet become an infectious disease, it can spread rapidly between un-vaccinated dogs and cats. Because of this, vets recommend that owners vaccinate their pets at the first sign of symptoms. It’s always best to consult a vet for the correct vaccination schedule for your pet, so they can be properly protected from this potentially fatal virus.